Friday, December 10, 2010

Australia is known for....

Gold Coast, Queensland
Well Known for its 70 kilometres of beaches, World heritage listed rainforests, theme parks, shopping, nightlife and lifestyle. Consist of attractions such as Dreamworld where visitors enjoy various rides, Sea World where visitors will get to see marine animals, and witness how movies are being made at Warner Bros Movie World. These 3 themed parks are themed differently, targeting at children and families.

These become ‘Disneyland’ of Australia target that same target market as Disney. The interior product and services are according to their respective themes with mascots within these attractions. In addition, they provide food & beverage venues with children and catered to family. Shops are also situated for the sale of the merchandises of the themed to the attraction as a form of souvenirs for visitor. These show that they had adapted the ways that Disney used to entice their visitors.

Australia's Leisure Programme

There are a wide range of leisure programme available in Australia. Namely, the Australia’s international Events, Uniquely Australian & Aboriginal Events, Australia’s Sporting Events, Spring Events, Autumn events, Summer events, Winter events, Australia’s food & wine events, Australia’s cultural events, Australia’s sur & surf lifesaving events.

These events have incorporated the uniqueness of Australia elements such as the culture of Australia, the cuisine, the wines that are produced locally, the arts, films. These are so distinct and differentiated from their countries till these differentiated factors become a form of uniqueness to Australia, becoming theme-Australia.
This shows that with the good response received from Disney from their themed concept, tourists look out more for a themed concept to places they visit or things they do. The theme concept is popular because not only it differentiates, it would create a whole new experience for people who experience it. The more wholesome the theme is, the more impactful and deep impression it will be created. Tourists would remember and revisit the follow events which are similar.

'Disneyfication' has made the country more vibrant by encouraging more of these events to be held. With more positive response by seeing huge volume of participants for entertaining events,more entertaining events are held to attract more people and to retain the crowd. However, this has a negative impact onthe cultural and education events because more entertainment elements maybe added and this may weaken the cultural and education aspects.

Australia’s International Events

Australia has hosted from tennis tournaments to Australian Grand Prix and many other global events. Australia also organised a Hobart race where mega yachts were sailed out of the Sydney Harbour or into the historic Hobart in Sydney. Australia also has fashion festivals to showcase Australian designers in Melbourne and Sydney

Melbourne’s Spring Racing Carnival
It is a carnival and race with horse racing, fashion and fun which starts in September till mid-November. Flemington Racecourse is the venue for huge race days such as Derby Day, the Melbourne Cup, Oaks Day. Melbournians would to dress up fashionably to show their stylish fashions in off-field fashions in traditional black and white.
The biggest event of the carnival, Melbourne Cup which is a public holiday for Melbournians, who will join firstly for traditional car-boot breakfast parties or wave tickets for live music, champagne and canap├ęs at one of the elegant soirees then they join the rest of Australia in cheering for race.
The Oaks Day, or the ladies' day, is when the focus is on racetrack fashion. The following day, children can would flaunt their style at Stakes Day, the unofficial family day that closes the Melbourne Cup Carnival.


Cultural Events



Complied events and festivals
Featured Australian Festivals
Big Day Out (All Areas, Australia)
Festival Types: Music - Rock, Music - Alternative, Party
Month: January

Australian Festivals
2high Festival (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)
Festival Types: Music - Varied, Performing Art
Month: November Adelaide Caberet Festival (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Cabaret, Performing Art
Month: June Adelaide Festival (Adelaide, SA, Australia)
Festival Types: Art, Performing Art, Music - Varied
Month: March Adelaide Festival of Arts (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Dance - Modern, Music - Varied
Month: February Adelaide Festival of Ideas (Adelaide, SA, Australia)
Festival Types: Innovation
Month: July Adelaide Fringe Festival (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Fringe, Performing Art, Comedy
Month: February Adelaide International Film Festival (Adelaide, SA, Australia)
Festival Types: Film
Month: February AFL Grand Final Week (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Ball
Month: September Antarctic Midwinter Festival (Hobart, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Winter, Film, Photography
Month: June Antipodes Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Multicultural, Community, Cultural
Month: May ANZAC Day - Australia (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Remembrance, Historical, National
Month: April Apollo Bay Music Festival (Apollo Bay, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Varied, Music - Rock, Music - Folk
Month: March Australia Day (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: National, Historical
Month: January Australian Blues Music Festival (Goulburn, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Blues
Month: February Australian Cotton Week Festival (Dalby, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Agricultural
Month: March Australian Formula 1 Grand Prix (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Formula 1, Sport - Motor Sport, Party
Month: March Australian International Movie Convention (Gold Coast, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Convention, Trade
Month: August Australian Italian Festival (Ingham, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Multicultural, Cultural, Community
Month: May Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix (Phillip Island, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Motor Sport, Motorcycle, Party
Month: October Australian Open Tennis (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Racquet
Month: January Australian Science Festival (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Science
Month: May Australian Wooden Boat Festival (Hobart, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Maritime, Sport - Yachting, Historical
Month: February Barossa Vintage Festival (Barossa Valley, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Wine, Food and Wine, Community
Month: April Beaudesert Country and Horse Festival (Beaudesert, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Animal, Agricultural
Month: January Bells Beach Rip Curl Pro Surf and Music Festival (Torquay, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Surfing, Sport - Water, Music - Rock
Month: April Bendigo Easter Festival (Bendigo, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Easter, Religious, Street Parade
Month: April Biennale of Electronic Arts Perth (Perth, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Art, New Media
Month: September Birdsville Races (Birdsville, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Equestrian, Party
Month: September Blue Mountains Festival of Folk, Roots and Blues (Katoomba, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Folk, Music - Country, Music - Blues
Month: March Blueprint Festival (Ararat, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Rock, Music - Blues
Month: September Brisbane Festival (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Music - Varied, Dance - Various Styles
Month: July Brisbane Pride (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Pride, Gay and Lesbian, Street Parade
Month: June Brisbane Writers Festival (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Literature, Book, Writing
Month: January Brunswick Music Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - World, Music - Guitar, Music - Traditional
Month: March Bundaberg Arts Festival (Bundaberg, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Art, Literature
Month: October Byron Bay Writers Festival (Byron Bay, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Literature, Writing
Month: August Canberra Balloon Fiesta (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Balloon, Community, Local
Month: March Casino Beef Week (Casino, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Agricultural, Food
Month: May Charleville Camel, Donkey and Yabbie Race Festival (Charleville, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Bizarre, Bizarre, Party
Month: August Christmas - Melbourne (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Christmas, Religious
Month: December Clipsal 500 (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Motor Sport, Automobile
Month: March Coast to Coast Bike Ride (Cairns, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Cycling, Sport - Endurance
Month: June Cobargo Folk Festival (Cobargo, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk
Month: February Coffs Harbour International Buskers and Comedy Festival (Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Busking, Comedy, Performing Art
Month: January Commonwealth Games (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Athletics, Sport - Multidiscipline
Month: March Coolum Kite Festival (Coolum, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Kite, Family
Month: October Cygnet Folk Festival (Cygnet, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk
Month: January Darwin Beer Can Regatta (Darwin, NT, Australia)

Festival Types: Bizarre, Sport - Bizarre, Beer
Month: July Darwin Festival (Darwin, NT, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Music - World, Performing Art
Month: August Darwin Fringe Festival (Darwin, NT, Australia)

Festival Types: Fringe, Performing Art, Comedy
Month: July Deaflympics - Deaf Olympics (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Athletics, Sport - Multidiscipline
Month: Varies Deniliquin Play on the Plains and World Record Ute Muster (Deniliquin, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Bizarre, Automobile, Party
Month: September Dirt and Dust Festival (Julia Creek, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Multidiscipline, Music - Varied, Bizarre
Month: April Dog Show - Royal Melbourne Show (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Animal, Agricultural
Month: September Earthcore (Undera, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Dance, Music - Electronic
Month: November Easterfest (Toowoomba, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Gospel
Month: April Festival Cairns (Cairns, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Varied, Performing Art, Food and Wine
Month: August Flickerfest International Short Film Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Short, Film
Month: January Floriade (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Floral, Family
Month: September Frances Folk Gathering (Frances, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk, Family

Month: February Frankston Sand Sculpting Exhibition (Frankston, VIC, Australia)
Festival Types: Art
Month: January Garma Festival (Arnhem Land, NT, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Traditional, Cultural
Month: August Geelong Tour (Geelong, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Cycling, Sport - Endurance
Month: February Gold Coast Airport Marathon (Gold Coast, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Marathon, Sport - Endurance
Month: July Gold Coast Bike Week (Gold Coast, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Motorcycle
Month: September Gold Coast Film Fantastic Film Festival (Gold Coast, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Film

Month: November Gold Coast Schoolies (Gold Coast, QLD, Australia)
Festival Types: Student, Party, Summer
Month: November Great Australian Outback Cattle Drive (Marree, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Animal, Traditional, Agricultural
Month: July Great Southern Blues and Rockabilly Festival (Narooma, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Blues, Music - Country, Music - Folk
Month: October Home Brewed International Film Festival (Wollongong, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Short
Month: October Illawarra Folk Festival (Illawara, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk, Music - World
Month: January In the Bin Film Festival (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Short, Film - Animation, Film
Month: Year Round International East Coast Blues and Roots Music Festival (Byron Bay, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Blues, Music - Country, Music - Folk
Month: April Isa Rodeo (Mount Isa, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Equestrian, Automobile, Music - Country
Month: August Jazz in the Valley (Ellensburg, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz, Music - Blues
Month: July Lorne Pier to Pub (Lorne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Water
Month: January Manly Festival of Surfing (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Surfing, Family, Sport - Water

Month: November Maslin Beach Nude Olympics (Maslin Beach, SA, Australia)
Festival Types: Nude, Naturist, Adult
Month: January Melbourne Art Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Art, Family
Month: April Melbourne Cup (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Equestrian, Party
Month: November Melbourne Fashion Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Fashion
Month: March Melbourne Food and Wine Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Food and Wine, Food, Wine
Month: March Melbourne Fringe Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Fringe, Performing Art, Comedy
Month: September Melbourne International Animation Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Animation, Film
Month: June Melbourne International Arts Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Art, Theatre
Month: October Melbourne International Comedy Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Comedy, Performing Art
Month: April Melbourne International Film Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Short
Month: July Melbourne International Flower and Garden Show (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Floral, Trade, Convention
Month: March Melbourne Jazz (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz
Month: April Melbourne Underground Film Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Documentary
Month: August Melbourne Writers Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Literature, Writing
Month: August Meredith Music Festival (Meredith, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Alternative, Music - World, Music - Rock
Month: December Merimbula Jazz Festival (Merimbula, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz
Month: June Mildura Jazz, Food & Wine Festival (Mildura, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz, Food and Wine
Month: October Mildura Writers' Festival (Mildura, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Literature, Writing, Book
Month: July Mother's Day Classic (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Marathon, Sport - Endurance, Charity
Month: May Mount Beauty Music Muster (Mount Beauty, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Varied, Music - World, Family
Month: April Murray Marathon (Yarrawonga, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Paddling, Sport - Endurance, Charity
Month: December Musica Viva Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Classical, Music - Opera, Music - Contemporary
Month: October National Multicultural Festival (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Multicultural, Music - World, Dance - Various Styles
Month: February New Year's Eve - Sydney Harbour (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: New Year, Party, Fireworks
Month: December Noosa Jazz Festival (Noosa, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz, Music - Blues
Month: September Noosa Long Weekend (Noosa, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Music - Varied, Family
Month: June Nude Beach Olympics (Maslin Beach, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Naturist, Nude, Bizarre
Month: January Over the Fence Short Film Festival (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Short, Film , Comedy
Month: February Parkes Elvis Festival (Parkes, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Impersonators, Fan Convention, Party
Month: January Penguin Parade (Phillip Island, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Birding, Environmental, Family
Month: Year Round Perth International Arts Festival (Perth, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Music - Varied, Dance - Various Styles
Month: February Phillip Island Penguin Parade (Phillip Island, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Birding, Animal, Environmental
Month: Year Round Pig Diving (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Bizarre, Agricultural, Animal
Month: September Pig Racing (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Bizarre, Agricultural, Animal
Month: September Port Adelaide Sand Sculpting Exhibition (Port Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Art
Month: November Port Fairy Folk Festival (Port Fairy, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Folk, Music - World, Folk
Month: March Queensland Music Festival (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Varied, Music - Classical, Music - Traditional
Month: July Rainbow Serpent Festival (Beaufort, Vic, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Electronic, Dance, Party
Month: January Reggae Town Festival (Cairns, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Reggae, Music - Creole
Month: September Revelation Perth International Film Festival (Perth, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Short, Film - Documentary
Month: July Rip Curl Pro Surf and Music Festival (Torquay, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Surfing, Party, Music - Rock
Month: April Royal Melbourne Show (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Agricultural, Animal, Fair
Month: September Saints and Sinners Ball (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Nude, Party, Adult
Month: October Salamanca Market (Hobart, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Markets
Month: Year Round San Remo Pelican Feeding (San Remo, VIC, Australia)
Festival Types: Birding, Family, Animal

Month: Year Round Santa Claus Pub Crawl (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Christmas, Party, Drink
Month: December Sheepdog Trials - Royal Melbourne Show (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Animal, Agricultural
Month: September Shellharbour City Festival of Sport (Shellharbour City, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Dragon Boat, Sport - Marathon
Month: March Short and Sweet (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Theatre
Month: July Smart Light Sydney (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Environmental, Walks, Family
Month: May Snowyfest International Film Festival (Thredbo, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Snow, Winter
Month: June Splendour in the Grass (Byron Bay, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Alternative, Music - Rock, Party
Month: July Spring Carnival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Equestrian, Party
Month: October St Kilda Film Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Short, Film
Month: May St. Kilda Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Community, Art, Summer
Month: February State of Design Festival (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Design, Convention
Month: July Summadayze (Perth, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Dance, Music - Electronic, Party
Month: January Summernats (Canberra, ACT, Australia)

Festival Types: Automobile, Sport - Motor Sport, Convention
Month: January SWELL Sculpture Festival (Currumbin, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Art, Family
Month: September Sydney City to Surf (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Endurance, Sport - Marathon
Month: August Sydney City to Surf Fun Run (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Marathon, Sport - Endurance
Month: August Sydney Design Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Design, Convention
Month: August Sydney Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Music - Varied, Dance - Various Styles
Month: January Sydney Film Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Short, Film - Documentary
Month: June Sydney Fringe Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Fringe, Performing Art, Comedy
Month: January Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Gay and Lesbian, Mardi Gras, Street Parade
Month: February Sydney International Wine Competition (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Wine
Month: February Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Yachting, Sport - Water, Maritime
Month: December Sydney Writers' Festival (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Writing, Literature, Book
Month: May Tamworth Country Music Festival (Tamworth, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Country, Music - Blues, Music - Bluegrass
Month: January Tarerer Festival (Killarney, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Music - Traditional, Music - Rock
Month: November Tarra Festival (Yarram, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Easter, Street Parade, Family
Month: April Ten Days on the Island (All Areas, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Performing Art, Cultural, Music - Varied
Month: March Tesselaar Tulip Festival (Monbulk, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Floral, Family
Month: September Thai Culture and Food Festival - Melbourne (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Cultural, Food, Multicultural
Month: March The Big Exo Day (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Street, Music - Rock, Student
Month: September The Dreaming Festival (Woodford, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Cultural, Music - Traditional
Month: June The Falls Festival (Lorne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: New Year, Music - Electronic, Music - Rock
Month: December The Falls Music and Arts Festival (Lorne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Rock, Music - Varied, Music - Alternative
Month: December The Long Walk (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Cultural, Walks
Month: May The Longest Night Film Festival (Hobart, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Film, Film - Documentary, Film
Month: June The Taste Festival (Hobart, TAS, Australia)

Festival Types: Food and Drink, Performing Art, Music - Varied
Month: December Thirroul Seaside and Arts Festival (Thirroul, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Art, Community, Family
Month: April Thredbo Blues Festival (Thredbo, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Blues
Month: January Thredbo Jazz Festival (Thredbo, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz
Month: May Toowoomba Carnival of Flowers (Toowoomba, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Floral, Family, Street Parade
Month: September Top Half Folk Festival (Northern Territory, NT, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Folk, Folk
Month: June Tour Down Under (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Cycling, Sport - Endurance
Month: January Townsville Running Festival (Townsville, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Endurance, Sport - Matathon
Month: August Tropfest (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Film - Short, Film
Month: January Tunarama (Port Lincoln, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Bizarre, Sport - Bizarre, Family
Month: January Two Up in Kalgoorlie (Kalgoorlie, WA, Australia)

Festival Types: Traditional, National, Cultural
Month: Year Round Vivid Sydney (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Environmental, Art, Family
Month: May Wagga Wagga Jazz and Blues Festival (Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz, Music - Blues
Month: September Wakakirri National Story Festival (All Areas, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Childrens, Performing Art
Month: August Wangaratta Festival of Jazz (Wangaratta, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - Jazz
Month: October Warburton Nordic Festival (Warburton, VIC, Australia)

Festival Types: Multicultural, Community
Month: May Wintersun (Coolangatta, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Automobile, Music - Rock, Street Parade
Month: June WOMAD - Adelaide (Adelaide, SA, Australia)

Festival Types: Music - World, Performing Art, Dance - Folk
Month: March Woodford Folk Festival (Woodford, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk, Music - World
Month: December World Championship Cockroach Racing (Brisbane, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Sport - Bizarre, National, Bizarre
Month: January World Environment Day - Melbourne (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)
Festival Types: Environmental

Month: June Yaamma Festival (Bourke, NSW, Australia)

Festival Types: Indigenous, Cultural, Music - Traditional
Month: October Yowah Opal Festival (Yowah, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Local, Collectors
Month: July Yungaburra Folk Festival (Yungaburra, QLD, Australia)

Festival Types: Folk, Music - Folk
Month: October

The Tradition of Australia

Folklore
Dreamtime is a term used to describe the time when the Aboriginal people set up their world. This was the time when myths are originated and passed down to the present world. Some myths are seen to be nearly truthful such as the explanation of creation of natural things. The Aboriginal Dreamtime, a part of culture, explains the origin of people and their land. It also consist of story on how things had happened, the start of the universe, the creation of humans, and the function of humans for the creator. Dreamtime is a platform for Aboriginal Religion and Culture.

However, the essence of Dreamtime has faded with time as the Aboriginal people are scattered in their settlements and reduction of their population. The modernisation of Australia with the introduction of ’Disneyification’ has influenced the thinking of Aboriginal people leading the dilution of contents. However, this has become a theme, an attraction to tourist to showcase Australia’s origin, culture.

Days

Australian Day

Australia has a day similar to America’s Thanksgiving day is the Australian Day that falls on the 26th January, the landing of the First Fleet of Convicts in Botany Bay, representing the anniversary of the arrival of the British to establish the penal colony of New South Wales. It is a day for Australians to commemorate the suffering of the Convicts of the cruelty of the wardens, to reflect upon the past and the present of Australia. Many Australians express them through action by using this day for friends visiting, attend concerts or have a barbeque gathering. This freedom of practice and how they want to spend their day is because there is no fixed custom to it.


Food
Australian usually dined with western cuisine. They are popular among the locals and Australia has their own traditional food which are Vegemite, Meat Pie, Pavola and Lamingtons.

Vegemite is black spread made from yeast extract plus salt and is spread on toast or sandwiches. Australian children have been eating it since their babyhood.
There are approximately 260 million meat pies are eaten by Australians every year.
Pavola is a dessert with a soft meringue with fruit and cream filling
Lamingtons is a sponge cake cube desserts coated with chocolate and coconut.

Greeting tradition
Australians are relaxed and causal when comes to greeting. A handshake and a smile are sufficient as a greeting. Australians prefer to use their first name even it is a first meeting of people.

Gift-giving tradition
Small gifts are exchanged with close ones among the Australians on birthdays and Christmas. A gift such as a box of chocolate or flowers is always brought to the host when Australians are invited to someone's home. These gifts are opened when received.

Australia's education system

The Indigenous groups of Australia

Background of Indigenous Australians
It is believed that Aborigines, indigenous people as early as 1789, which mean 'first or earliest known, indigenous', came to Australia as modern human beings 40,00 to 60,00 years age. Some even believe that they have existed on Australia for 120,000 to 150,000 years, however there is no evidence to support it. The only knowledge to the past are the archaeological evidence and theories.

The Aboriginal people were the founder of the Dreamtime, their customs and belief and explanation on the origin on human. The Australian Aborigines lead a lifestyle based on their DreamTime beliefs and had survived till today. Australian Aborigines migrated from somewhere in Asia at least 30,000 years ago. Though they comprise 500–600 distinct groups, aboriginal people possess some unifying links. Among these are strong spiritual beliefs that tie them to the land; a tribal culture of storytelling and art; and, like other indigenous populations, a difficult colonial history. However, the practices of Dreamtime is greatly reduced ever since some Aborigines settled at new territories with new western influences.

Changes


Population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander & Settlement

According to Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population consists of around 2.5 of the total Australia popuplation, which is 517,000 people and it is expected to increase to 640,700 to 643,800 by 2016. Among the Aborioginal and Torres Strait Islander population, estimated 90% was Aboriginal origin, 6% was Torres Strait Islander and the remaining 4% was both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin.


The median age of the indigenous groups are 21 years compared with 37 years for non-Indigenous group.

At June 2006, most Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived in non-remote area. Estimated percentage of them living in major cities is 32% and 43% in regional area and 25% in remote areas. The indigenous regions with the largest populations were Sydney with 46,900 people, followed by 43,800 at Coff Harbours.


The largest Aboriginal people today are the Pitjantjatjara, living in the area around Uluru, Ayers Rock and south into the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara in South Australia. The second largest Aboriginal community are the Arrernte people who live in and the surroundings of the Alice Springs. The third largest are the Luritja, who live in the lands between the two largest population of Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal languages with the largest number of speakers today are the Pitjantjatjara, Warlpiri and Arrernte.

Pitjantjatjara




Today the Aborigines are troubled because many have left the their traditional lifestyle, and have moved to suburbs due to the modernisation, using their territory as an tourist attractions or land development. The Australian tourism board has organised a 'Go walkabout with an Aboriginal guide'. It is a heritage guide in the Blue Mountains showing from legend of sisters to the ancient art and ceremonial sites and seeing the lifestyle of the Aboriginal people. This tour for tourist is a form of themed tour as it is Aborigine-themed and the tour guide have to dress and behave as a Aboriginal person and and tourist participating it have to be as close to the theme as possible such as drawing their faces with Aboriginal art.

Although with the increase of job in the Australia industry due to tourism, there is a high unemployment rate of 40% in Aborigines populations. This is due to the widely discriminated against of them, causing some people not to hire them. To worsen the situation, the police and government discriminate against aborigines. In many places bars are segregated into different parts for Aborigines or Aborigines aren't served at all. However, some progress was made recently when an Aboriginal woman was voted into Australia parliament. But this does not solve the critical problem because similar to the African Americans in The United Sates recent history, Australia still has a many to be done to ensure Aborigines have equal rights.
Modernisation and 'Disneyfication' have made people to be common to be one another and allow the exposure of knowledge. However, this exposure of knowledge to the existence of Aboriginal does not create a positive response. Instead, non-Aboriginal people have a narrow mindset and discriminate Aboriginal people just because they have different lifestyle and practices. One the other hand, to rise the acceptance, the cultural tours and exposure are created to encourage acceptance and to rise the rights of the Aboriginal people as they represent the identity of the country.

The identity of the country can be so distinct that it can be viewed as 'themed' which most countries are highlighting their countries to be to attract people and to strengthen their culture.

The Culture of Australia

Australia adopt the Western culture, however, in some areas, they are unique exclusive as an Australian with some difference in way of life and practices.

Australians are down to earth and always humble as they always ensure that they are not casting an impression of being better than other people. They value being genuine, sincere and dislike being and people being pretentious. They prefer people who are modest, humble, self-deprecating and some sense of humour to engage in conversations. They do not focus their attention on their academic and achievements and tend to dislike people who do so. With their modest nature, they usually attach little importance on their success. This makes them seen as not achievement-oriented.

Australians valued relationships greatly and this often lead to a win-win situation in negotiating since everyone has a positive mindset help facilitate future encounters.

Besides, Australia is also a multi-cultural society because it’s initial population of Aborigines and people of British and Irish descent were mixed with the immigrates of Euro, Greece, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Turkey. This huge number of immigrates comes from the post-World War II and the active policy of encouraging immigration to job the Australia work force. In the last 30 years, Australia has opened it borders to South East Asia. Thus, there is also an increased in population and work force of Asian. With this huge inflow of foreigners, it caused a real shift in self-perception as Aussies begin to re-define themselves as a multi-cultural and multi-faith society rather than the old homogenous, white, Anglo- Saxon, Protestant nation.

With ‘Disneyfication’, more foreign workers entered the Australia work industry to participate because the government want to grow the population and more labours are needed for economy advancement. With more foreigners, more understanding about the foreigners and more interactions, Australia become a multi-culture and multi faith country.

The Languages of Australia

English is the common language used in Australia, and it is also the official language of the country. Australian used a wide range of vocabulary, accent, phonetic system and slang. In addition, Australia has about 250 Aboriginal languages and dialects spoken in 1788. Currently, two thirds of these languages have survived. However, only 20 of the languages, which is 8%, is still strong enough to preserve and last into the next century. Besides these languages, there are also languages spoken in Australia from immigrants from Europe, the Middle East Asia.

The language loss may be due to language shift, and language attrition which refers to the shift of frequency of the usage of a language. It is about using another language more often and the other language. With the language which is less spoken and written will fade off in time because more people would ‘follow the trend’ and use the widely spoken and cause the language to be endangered and soon extinct. ‘Disneyfication’ plays a contributing factor because as country modernised with the introduction of attractions and hybrid consumption, official language is set in country. People would widely use on the official language stated because it is needed to keep up with the change and adapt to the system of country as places of attractions, social events are present in English, thus this leads to the seldom use the other languages.